Slide background
Slide background

Standards for Disaster Risk Reduction

ID 2388 | | Visite: 1362 | Documenti Chemicals Enti

Standards for Disaster Risk Reduction

Disaster risk prevention can be regarded as a facet and as a result of sustainable development.

Standards help businesses and organizations progress towards all three dimensions of sustainable development –environmental, economic and social – and at the same time help them address and, in some cases, completely master risks that without proper management would have disastrous consequences.

In each of these dimensions, at the same time as standards help deliver on development and growth, they also help deliver on disaster risk reduction, allowing a better or at least a different trade-off between the interests of “now”, and those of future generations.

The two very broad families of standards: environmental management standards and social responsibility standards have a potential to be used much further in reducing the accumulation of disaster risks.

Protecting “ecosystem services” – defined as the benefits that people derive from the environment – can both save lives and protect livelihoods.

In fact, practices that protect the integrity and diversity of nature and ensure a wise use of natural resources maximize the degree to which the environment can absorb shocks.

A variety of voluntary approaches are available to firms that want to monitor and minimize the impact of their operations on the immediate ecosystem that surrounds their operations, and/or contribute to preserving the environment on a broader or indeed global scale. Some of these voluntary environmental programmes apply to specific industrial sectors (such as the “Responsible Care” programme for the chemical industry, or FSC for the forestry and paper industries), while others, like ISO 14000 can be adopted by organizations of all types and in any industrial sector.

The reach and uptake of ISO 14000 is particularly significant. Since its launch in 1995, ISO 14000 has become the most widely adopted voluntary environmental standard: by 2012, there were almost 300,000 certified organizations across more than 150 countries, with the majority of certifications in Europe, China and Japan.

Environmental management systems are typically implemented together with a number of other standards developed by international, regional and national standards bodies, as well as statutory requirements, which also contribute directly to ensuring that products, systems and services are designed, manufactured, operated and disposed of in a way that protects the natural environment by increasing reliability, minimizing emissions, reducing the use of natural resources and energy, etc.

While being neither a requirement nor a guarantee, establishing an EMS and being subject to external certification can be a significant driver for and shows a commitment to safer and more responsible business practices, which have a key role in preventing man-made disasters and reducing the impact of natural disasters. Another area where standards and best practice can contribute to build resilience is corporate social responsibility (CSR) defined as the “responsibility of an organization for the impacts of its decisions and activities on society and the environment, through transparent and ethical behaviour that contributes to sustainable development” (ISO 26000).

The ISO 26000 Standard on Social Responsibility is a unique document, providing guidance applicable to different kinds of organizations that want to “incorporate social and environmental considerations in their decision making process”, and “be accountable for the impacts of its decisions and activities on society and the environment”.

The aim of this document is to help bring voluntary standards into the toolbox of disaster risk reduction, including both by encouraging their use by business and by enhancing their role in regulatory practice and policy-making more generally. 

UNECE 2015


Tags: Chemicals Emergenze ambientali

Articoli correlati

Ultimi archiviati Chemicals

Regolamento 2017 2100
Nov 17, 2017 19

Regolamento delegato (UE) 2017/2100

Biocidi: Criteri scientifici determinazione interferenza con il sistema endocrino Regolamento delegato (UE) 2017/2100 della Commissione del 4 settembre 2017 che stabilisce criteri scientifici per la determinazione delle proprietà di interferenza con il sistema endocrino in applicazione… Leggi tutto
Nov 03, 2017 66

Direttiva 2006/121/CE

Direttiva 2006/121/CE del Parlamento europeo e del Consiglio del 18 dicembre 2006 che modifica la direttiva 67/548/CEE del Consiglio concernente il ravvicinamento delle disposizioni legislative, regolamentari ed amministrative relative alla classificazione, all’imballaggio e all’etichettatura delle… Leggi tutto
Ott 28, 2017 51

Guidance ECHA SR&D and PPORD

Guidance ECHA SR&D and PPORD Guidance on Scientific Research and Development (SR&D) and Product and Process Orientated Research and Development (PPORD) Version 2.1 October 2017 This document describes specific provisions under REACH for substances manufactured, imported or used in Scientific… Leggi tutto
Ott 28, 2017 79

Rettifica Regolamento BPR - 28.10.2017

Rettifica Regolamento BPR - 28.10.2017 Rettifica del regolamento (UE) n. 528/2012 del Parlamento europeo e del Consiglio, del 22 maggio 2012, relativo alla messa a disposizione sul mercato e all'uso dei biocidi (Gazzetta ufficiale dell'Unione europea L 167 del 27 giugno 2012) Pagina 50, allegato I,… Leggi tutto
Ott 24, 2017 58

Raccomandazione (UE) 2017/1936

Raccomandazione (UE) 2017/1936 Raccomandazione (UE) 2017/1936 della Commissione del 18 ottobre 2017 relativa a misure immediate volte a prevenire l'uso improprio dei precursori di esplosivi Limitare la messa a disposizione di precursori di esplosivi ai privati1. È opportuno che gli Stati membri… Leggi tutto
Ott 12, 2017 52

Regolamento delegato (UE) n. 837/2013

Regolamento delegato (UE) n. 837/2013 Regolamento delegato (UE) n. 837/2013 della Commissione, del 25 giugno 2013 , che modifica l’allegato III del regolamento (UE) n. 528/2012 del Parlamento europeo e del Consiglio in relazione alle prescrizioni in materia di informazione per l’autorizzazione dei… Leggi tutto
Ott 12, 2017 60

Regolamento delegato (UE) n. 736/2013

Regolamento delegato (UE) n. 736/2013 Regolamento delegato (UE) n. 736/2013 della Commissione, del 17 maggio 2013, recante modifica del regolamento (UE) n. 528/2012 del Parlamento europeo e del Consiglio per quanto riguarda la durata del programma di lavoro per l’esame dei principi attivi biocidi… Leggi tutto

Più letti Chemicals

Ago 06, 2017 5644

Regolamento (CE) n. 2023/2006 (Regolamento GMP)

Regolamento (CE) n. 2023/2006 Regolamento (CE) N. 2023/2006 della Commissione del 22 dicembre 2006 sulle buone pratiche di fabbricazione dei materiali e degli oggetti destinati a venire a contatto con prodotti alimentari (Regolamento GMP - Good Manufacturing Practices) ... Il presente regolamento… Leggi tutto
Mar 30, 2017 5448

Direttiva 2012/18/UE - Seveso III

Direttiva 2012/18/UE - Seveso III Direttiva 2012/18/UE del Parlamento europeo e del Consiglio del 4 luglio 2012 sul controllo del pericolo di incidenti rilevanti connessi con sostanze pericolose, recante modifica e successiva abrogazione della direttiva 96/82/CE del Consiglio.La modifica più… Leggi tutto