Slide background

Occupatonal cancer NIOSH

ID 4667 | | Visite: 4820 | Documenti Sicurezza EntiPermalink:

Occupatonal cancer NIOSH

Around the world, 12.7 million people are diagnosed with cancer every year, and the number is expected to increase due to the growth and aging of the population, as well as reductions in childhood mortality and deaths from infectious diseases in developing countries(1). Cancer is the leading cause of death in developed countries and the second leading cause of death in developing countries.

Cancer is a group of different diseases that have the same feature, the uncontrolled growth and spread of abnormal cells. Each different type of cancer may have its own set of causes. Many factors play a role in the development of cancer. The importance of these factors varies depending on the type of cancer. A person's risk of developing a particular cancer is influenced by a combination of factors that interact in ways that are not fully understood. Some of the factors include:

  • Personal characteristics such as age, sex, and race
  • Family history of cancer
  • Diet and personal habits such as cigarette smoking and alcohol consumption
  • The presence of certain medical conditions or past medical treatments, including chemotherapy, radiation treatment, or some immune-system suppressing drugs.
  • Exposure to cancer-causing agents in the environment (for example, sunlight, radon gas, air pollution, and infectious agents)
  • Exposure to cancer-causing agents in the workplace

Millions of U.S. workers are exposed to substances that have been tested as carcinogens in animal studies or found to be possibly carcinogenic in human studies. However, less than 2% of chemical or physical agents manufactured or processed in the U.S. have been evaluated by the International Agency for Research on Cancer for carcinogenicity(2). Based on well-documented associations between occupational exposures and cancer, it has been estimated that 3-6% of all cancers worldwide are caused by exposures to carcinogens in the workplace (3,4). Using cancer incidence numbers in the U.S. (5), this means that in 2012 (the most recent year available), there were between 45,872 and 91,745 new cancer cases that were caused by past exposure in the workplace. This is probably an underestimate, partly because we continue to discover new information about agents in the workplace that may cause cancer. Also, these estimates may change over time as the number of cancers increase or decrease in the U.S. Cancers that occur as a result of exposures in the workplace are preventable, if exposures to known or suspected carcinogens can be reduced(6-8).

Cancer Clusters

Cancer Cluster Scenario

Carcinogenic Agents

NIOSH Carcinogen List
International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC)
National Toxicology Program Report on Carcinogens
NIOSH Pocket Guide
Diesel Exhaust in Miners Study (DEMS)
Recent NIOSH Research on Cancer Risk Factors

Regulation and Policy

OSHA Standards


NIOSH Data & Statistics by Industry Sector - Cancer

Click on one of the eight Sector Tabs at the top of the screen to find available cancer statistics for that Sector

Work-Related Lung Disease Surveillance System  

The Work-Related Lung Disease (WoRLD) Surveillance System, produced by the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH), presents up-to-date summary tables, graphs, and figures of occupationally-related respiratory disease surveillance data on respiratory conditions including cancers, the pneumoconioses, and occupational asthma and other airways diseases. For many of these diseases, selected data on related exposures are also presented.

Training to Improve the Industry and Occupation Information in Cancer Registries

NIOSH developed a training module to improve both the quality and the quantity of industry and occupation information captured from hospital and clinic records in order to increase the value of using this information for public health surveillance and research with the ultimate goal of decreasing the incidence of cancers related to workplace exposures.


1. American Cancer Society (ACS). 2011. American Cancer Society. Global Cancer Facts & Figures 2nd Edition. Atlanta: American Cancer Society; 57 pp.

2. Straif K [2008]. The burden of occupational cancer. Occupational and Environmental Medicine. 65(12):787-788.

3. Driscoll T, Takala J, Steenland K, Corvalan C, Fingerhut M. 2005. Review of estimates of the global burden of injury and illness due to occupational exposures. Am J Ind Med 48:491-502.

4. Rushton L, Hutchings SJ, Fortunato L, et al. 2012. Occupational cancer burden in Great Britain. Br J Cancer. 107(Suppl 1):S3-7.

5. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. U.S. Cancer Incidence Statistics: an Interactive Atlas. Accessed October 29, 2015.

6. Boffetta P [2004]. Epidemiology of environmental and occupational cancer. Oncogene. 23:6392-6403.

7. Landrigan PJ [1996]. The prevention of occupational cancer. CA Cancer J Clin. 46:67-69.

8. Siemiatycki J, Richardson L, Straif K, et al [2004]. Listing occupational carcinogens. Environ Health Perspect. 112(15):1447-1459.

Tags: Sicurezza lavoro Rischio chimico

Articoli correlati

Ultimi archiviati Sicurezza

Gen 29, 2023 22

Sentenza Corte d'Appello Torino, Sez. lavoro n. 519 del 03 novembre 2022

Sentenza Corte d'Appello Torino, Sez. lavoro n. 519 del 03 novembre 2022 ID 18856 | Sentenza in allegato La sentenza della Corte d’Appello di Torino ha confermato l’esistenza di una elevata probabilità tra l’uso eccessivo del cellulare e l’insorgenza di un tumore benigno, diagnosticato ad un… Leggi tutto
Gen 28, 2023 33

Circolare MIT prot. n. 4536 del 30 ottobre 2012

Circolare MIT prot. n. 4536 del 30 ottobre 2012 Primi chiarimenti in ordine all’applicazione delle disposizioni di cui al d.P.R. 5 ottobre 2010, n. 207 in particolare alla luce delle recenti modifiche e integrazioni intervenute in materia di contratti pubblici di lavori, servizi e forniture” (G.U.… Leggi tutto
Intesa Lavoro e Istruzione per ampliare coperture Inail agli studenti
Gen 27, 2023 48

Intesa Lavoro e Istruzione per ampliare coperture Inail agli studenti

Intesa Lavoro e Istruzione per ampliare coperture Inail agli studenti ID 18843 | 27.01.2023 / Comunicato Stampa MLPS ​Verso l'ampliamento della tutela infortunistica degli studenti. In occasione del secondo appuntamento del tavolo tecnico sulla sicurezza sul lavoro, il Ministro del Lavoro e delle… Leggi tutto
Covid 19   Contagi sul lavoro denunciati all INAIL 31 Dicembre 2022
Gen 26, 2023 38

Covid-19 | Contagi sul lavoro denunciati all’INAIL: 31 Dicembre 2022

Covid-19 | Contagi sul lavoro denunciati all’INAIL: 31 Dicembre 2022 ID 18786 | 26.01.2023 31esimo report nazionale elaborato dalla Consulenza statistico attuariale Inail e la versione aggiornata delle schede di approfondimento regionali. L’anno appena concluso pesa per il 37,2% sul totale delle… Leggi tutto
Gen 25, 2023 85

Linee guida del 20 febbraio 2014 della Conferenza Stato-Regioni

Linee guida del 20 febbraio 2014 della Conferenza Stato-Regioni ID 18781 | 25.01.2023 Linee guida per la disciplina per il contratto di apprendistato professionalizzante o contratto di mestiere L'accordo - sottoscritto in data 20 febbraio 2014 - ha previsto alcune modifiche al percorso formativo… Leggi tutto
Gen 25, 2023 110

Decreto interministeriale 12 ottobre 2015

Decreto interministeriale 12 ottobre 2015 ID 18774 | 25.01.2023 Definizione degli standard formativi dell'apprendistato e criteri generali per la realizzazione dei percorsi di apprendistato, in attuazione dell'articolo 46, comma 1, del decreto legislativo 15 giugno 2015, n. 81. (GU n.296 del… Leggi tutto

Più letti Sicurezza