Slide background




Risk assessment for biological agents EU-OSHA

ID 17633 | | Visite: 1816 | Documenti Sicurezza EntiPermalink: https://www.certifico.com/id/17633

Risk assessment biological agents EU OSHA

Risk assessment for biological agents EU-OSHA

ID 17633 | 18.09.2022 / In allegato

Biological agents are living organisms or products of living organisms. They include viruses, bacteria and fungi and their metabolites, as well as parasitic worms and plants. They can enter the body by inhalation, by ingestion or by absorption through the skin, eyes, mucous membranes or wounds (bites from animals, needlestick injuries, etc.). If the living conditions are favourable viruses, bacteria and fungi can reproduce very rapidly in a very short time. In addition, some of them can be passed from one person to another.

The European directive 2000/54/CE divides biological hazards (pathogens) into four groups, based on the inherent hazard of the organism. (This classification refers only to the level of infection risk of the biological agent concerned.)

Group 1 – Unlikely to cause human disease;
Group 2 – Can cause human disease and might be a hazard to workers; unlikely to spread to the community; there is usually effective prophylaxis or treatment available;
Group 3 – Can cause severe human disease and present a serious hazard to workers; it may present a risk of spreading to the community, but there is usually effective prophylaxis or treatment available;
Group 4 – Causes severe human disease and is a serious hazard to workers; it may present a high risk of spreading to the community; there is usually no effective prophylaxis or treatment available.

It should be noted that as the biological agents included in Group 1 are too numerous to specify, if an agent is not listed this does not mean that it automatically falls into Group 1.
But biological agents are not only a risk because they are infectious and toxic – they can also cause allergic reactions such as hypersensitivity pneumonitis, allergic rhinitis, some types of asthma and organic dust toxic syndrome (ODTS). The sensitising effects of biological agents are not related to the risk groups. Sensitising effects are known for fungi, bacteria and few parasites. Normally they affect the respiratory system but a few affect the skin. In addition, some biological agents may have a carcinogenic effect after a chronic infection.
This issue is a serious health at work matter and it overlaps with the public health sphere.
...
Some examples of workplaces with potential exposure to biological agents:

1. Food production plants
2. Agriculture
3. Activities where there is contact with animals and/or products of animal origin (abattoirs)
4. Health care, including isolation and post-mortem units
5. Refuse disposal plants (waste handling and sorting plants)
6. Sewage purification installations
...
Risk assessment biological agents EU OSHA Picture 2

Picture 2: Workers exposed to biological agents in a waste sorting plant.
...
How to do a Risk Assessment

Risk assessment is the process of evaluating risks to workers’ safety and health from workplace hazards. A risk assessment is a systematic examination of all aspects of the work undertaken to consider what could cause injury or harm, whether the hazards could be eliminated, and if not what preventive or protective measures are, or should be, in place to control the risks.
For most businesses, especially small and medium-sized enterprises, a straightforward five-step approach (incorporating elements of risk management) such as the one presented below should work well.

Step 1. Identifying hazards and those at riskLooking for those things at work that have the potential to cause harm, and identifying workers who may be exposed to the hazards.
Step 2. Evaluating and prioritising risksEstimating the existing risks in terms of severity and probability of possible harm and prioritising them in order of importance.
Step 3. Deciding on preventive actionIdentifying the appropriate measures to eliminate or control the risks.
Step 4. Taking actionPutting in place the preventive and protective measures through a prioritisation plan.
Step 5. Monitoring and reviewing
...
Risk assessment biological agents EU OSHA Checklist
...

add more in attachment

Collegati

Descrizione Livello Dimensione Downloads
Allegato riservato Risk assessment for biological agents EU-OSHA.pdf
 
267 kB 66

Tags: Sicurezza lavoro Rischio biologico Abbonati Sicurezza

Articoli correlati

Ultimi archiviati Sicurezza

Lug 18, 2024 65

Nota INL n. 5486 del 16 luglio 2024

Nota INL n. 5486 del 16 luglio 2024 / Vigilanza imprese agrituristiche - corretto inquadramento ID 22281 | 18.07.2024 / In allegato Nota INL n. 5486 del 16 luglio 2024 - Oggetto: vigilanza imprese agrituristiche - corretto inquadramento. D’intesa con la Direzione centrale coordinamento giuridico,… Leggi tutto
Lug 12, 2024 71

Decreto Ministeriale 4 febbraio 1980

Decreto Ministeriale 4 febbraio 1980 Vigilanza congiunta (ispettorati del lavoro e organi ispettivi della Azienda autonoma delle ferrovie dello Stato) sulla applicazione delle norme di prevenzione degli infortuni negli impianti ferroviari. (GU n. 103 del 15 aprile 1980) Leggi tutto
Sentenze cassazione penale
Lug 12, 2024 108

Cassazione Penale Sent. Sez. 4 Num. 23049 | 10 giugno 2024

Cassazione Penale Sez. 4 del 10 giugno 2024 n. 23049 ID 22237 | 12.07.2024 Cassazione Penale Sez. 4 del 10 giugno 2024 n. 23049 - Infortunio durante la pulizia di un macchinario con la soda caustica. Obbligo di vigilanza del datore di lavoro sul comportamento del preposto in modo da impedire… Leggi tutto
Lug 11, 2024 110

Decreto direttoriale n. 64 del 10 Luglio 2024

Decreto direttoriale n. 64 del 10 Luglio 2024 ID 22229 | 11.07.2024 / In allegato Decreto direttoriale n. 64 del 10 Luglio 2024 - Aggiornamento della composizione della Commissione per l’esame della documentazione per l’iscrizione nell’elenco dei soggetti abilitati di cui all’Allegato III del… Leggi tutto

Più letti Sicurezza