The objective of the present Guidance is to provide recommendations on the risks and precautions to be considered during the loading and unloading of chemicals, whereby particular attention is given to different loading and unloading schemes that may require specific precautions.
The present Guidance is therefore providing illustrations of these different loading/unloading schemes and identifies the product related hazards and operational risks associated with these schemes. It also provides recommendations on general precautions as well as on precautions, specific to certain schemes, to be taken during loading and unloading operations.
This Guidance should help in selecting an appropriate loading/unloading scheme and in taking the necessary safety precautions.
It offers both general and more scheme-specific advice, which can be used in training sessions etc.
The scope of this Guidance is limited to equipment used for the loading and unloading of bulk liquids in tank transport operations.
This Guidance does however not aim to provide an exhaustive overview of all existing transport equipment or loading/unloading schemes and of all possible risks and precautions that may need to be considered.